Uncivilized language is vulgar, rude and rude, but it is often seen in elegant literature. It is said that when Ji Xiaolan was working as a student in Fujian, he wrote a couplet. He slept in a thatched cottage and closed his house to perform characters. He slept on a woodpile and made flute letters. This couplet was read in a southern accent, I will read who is fucking my ass. I told him to make it comfortable. When he joked among his colleagues and friends in this way, his colleagues felt a kind of intimacy in the relationship with laughter. This kind of language seems vulgar and indeed vulgar. It is a kind of vulgar, but it can give people happiness and relax in tense affairs, it can narrow the distance between people and give people a sense of intimacy. When I read the biography of Ji Xiaolan, I also felt that Ji Xiaolan’s humorous, informal, arrogant ethics and brilliant character characteristics were vividly depicted. In fact, there are many such examples. For example, once an old eunuch saw Ji Xiaolan’s appearance was very funny, so he said that Xiao Hanlin, wearing winter clothes and holding summer fans, could a Spring and Autumn period be read? Hearing this eunuch with a Southern accent satirizing himself, Ji Xiaolan immediately fought back: Boss Guan, born in the south and came to the north, is that thing still there? Vulgar language has strong expressive force in literature. You might as well take a look at the 28th chapter of A Dream of Red Mansions Jiang Yuhan gave Qian xiangluo affectionately. Xue Baochai was shy in the red musk strings. Xue Pan’s drinking word was daughter’s music, and a cock poked in it; the drinkery song is a mosquito humming and two flies buzzing. It is really vulgar, but only this vulgar language can show Xue Pan’s vulgarity incisively and vividly. Cao Xueqin vividly depicts a Childe who is ignorant, vulgar, and has an empty soul by virtue of this vulgar language. This is vulgar, which seems to hurt elegance, but after careful consideration, elegance is achieved again. It is the same as the famous work “old prostitute” by sculptor Rodin, which is extremely ugly but extremely beautiful from the perspective of aesthetic value. There is also the seventh time to portray Jiao Da’s drunkenness. Jiao da unexpectedly scolded me repeatedly and didn’t say anything else. If anything else is mentioned, let’s go in with the red knife and get out with the white knife! The word “red and white” was just used in reverse, which fully showed that Jiao Da was already drunk at this time, and he dared to say such rude words because he had saved his master. Cao Xueqin also likes to imply some content in the name of people, such as Jia Zheng, Jia He, a generation named after the anti-text, to show the book incense hairpin; Jia Lian, Jia Baoyu, a generation named after the Jade character, the generation to show the extravagance of Jin Yu; The generation of Jia Rong and Jia Qiang named the cursive head to show the decline of the cursive bag. Look at Xia Jingui, Xue Pan’s wife. In Ming dynasty, because there were many osmanthus flowers in his family, he was called as Jingui by his little name, but secretly he married a son-in-law with a homophonic tone to correspond to Xue Pan’s, A homophone married today’s turtle to be wang ba corresponding to Xue pan. This married turtle is a bit vulgar. But this is a little vulgar, which is originally within the scope of our psychological tolerance. Naturally, we will not feel anything wrong. In life, if you give people such a nickname, I am afraid that you will be scolded. Let’s take a look at Mao Zedong’s Q & A on birds (autumn of 1965): sole Peng spread his wings for 90,000 miles and turned his horns. Bear the sky looked down, is secular wall. The fire and bullet marks were everywhere, which scared the birds in the room. What’s wrong? Oh, I’m going to leap. Where will I go? Queer replied, there is a fairy hill Qiong Pavilion. I didn’t see the autumn moon of the year before last year, and I signed three treaties. There is also food, potatoes are cooked, and beef is added. No need to fart, try to turn over the Earth. This word, In the dialogue between Kunpeng and Peng jialique, he expressed a kind of contempt, a kind of uncontrollable anger and a kind of confidence of proletarian revolutionists by saying no fart. Therefore, there is a kind of shocking power in vulgarity, a kind of imposing manner to frighten birds in the canopy. Poetry was originally an extremely elegant art, but Mao Zedong did not tie his hands in front of the rules, but let the inelegant language enter the artistic conception openly, reaching a creative artistic situation. This vulgar language is often seen in foreign literature and has a special expressive force. For example, in the second act of Shakespeare’s King Lear, there is such a line: Osward: Do you know who I am? Kent: a rascal; A villain; A leftover guy; A cheap, proud, shallow, beggar-like, with only three clothes, all furniture count up to no more than 100 pounds of the, dirty, wear plush socks minions; A courageous, by government forces indentation minions; A bitch-raw, self-pity, Malkin, the bastard who was smeared with grease and powder; The dirty embryo of all the furniture in a box, a born son who forgot eight; He was a Lacey, a beggar, a coward and a forgetful eight, another son of a bastard old bitch; If you don’t admit your titles, I will beat you to cry loudly. In literary works, vulgar language is actually a rhetorical phenomenon, which is not only a rhetorical device, but also a rhetorical device. Taking the rhetorical device mentioned by Chen Wangdao to adapt to the theme situation as the first essence, it should not be just a modification of words, it should not be the decoration of leaving affection. Then, in vulgar language, we should consider that the situation is appropriate, the environment is appropriate, the situation is appropriate, the mood is appropriate, otherwise it will become a real rough word, it will lose its aesthetic value and fall into language garbage. This is the same as flying white in rhetoric, incomplete in sculpture and clown in drama. If we deal with it from an aesthetic perspective, we will achieve the pursuit of artistic beauty in an imperfect way. This reminds me of the book Chuang Tzu, which says that there is an extremely ugly person in Wei Guo who is extremely ugly and can scare the world because of ugliness, but can make people love it, husband and place, thinking but not going; Women see it, please in parents day: with a wife, would rather be a master concubine, dozens of but not stopped. Lu Guo didn’t have the person who presided over the government affairs, so Lu Ailong unexpectedly entrusted him the state affairs; Although he didn’t have the status of a high-ranking official, he could save people from death; Although he didn’t accumulate property, but it can make people eat well. It seems that ugliness lies in the phenomenon and beauty lies in the essence. The vulgar language in our literature should also reach such a situation of external ugliness and internal beauty. Lao Tzu said in chapter 45 of the Tao Te Ching: if great achievements are lacking, their use will not be harmful. If a big profit is rushed, it will be of great use. If you are straight, if you are big, if you are smart, if you are stubborn. Quiet is better than impetuous, cold is better than hot. Quiet for the world. The opposite phenomenon between phenomenon and essence proposed by Lao Zi here is a great contribution of his philosophical thought. Therefore, we can also put forward that being refined and beautiful is ugly, which is exactly the goal we pursue when dealing with vulgar language. On the surface, this kind of ugliness seems to be the rudeness of language that is not in accordance with social norms, the vulgarity without cultural taste, the rudeness of high and low discretion, the crude benzene of art skills, but we achieve great beauty by dealing with aesthetic laws. There are also differences between appropriate and inappropriate vulgar languages in life. For example, some vulgar words can be tolerant in a certain way and in a certain situation. For example, one morning, the security section chief of our unit met me and told me a joke during chatting. He said that a teacher and a student practiced the pair, the teacher’s first couplet was composed of 3,000 harem beauties, The student’s next couplet was unexpectedly polished into embroidery needles by iron rods, so the classroom burst into laughter. Of course, any teacher would not make such a couplet for the students to be right, and the students would not even understand the knowledge of dual confrontation, but just for fun. But as for civility and politeness, we should take it seriously anyway. I remember that several decades ago, when I was teaching in shenjiawan Middle School in Jia county, the Chinese teaching and research team leader organized the whole group to listen to my lessons one after another. I felt that this was an intentional quarrel with me, and I couldn’t bear it any more, when talking about Liu Zongyuan’s “The Donkey of Qian”, when it comes to a little nearer, I don’t know each other. I take the explanation (the note below the text is cautious) as an excuse, I started with the six books and scolded everyone to look at the shape. I paused for a while and then talked about a dog. What should I do in my heart? Naturally, we should be careful! Otherwise, if you make any mistake, it will bark and bite you! Speaking of this, I actually said that I had a stomachache and went to the office to take medicine by myself. Naturally, after this event, I was trained by the principal and also approved by the members of the whole teaching and research group. Now it seems that such a rough language is really inappropriate. Of course, if these are a plot in a fictional novel, What’s wrong with it according to the theme situation? In a word, the vulgar language in literature should pay attention to the situation, discretion and quantity, or it will lose its aesthetic value and become a real vulgar.

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