Second, poetry is expensive and dilute Sikong Tu divides the style of poetry into twenty or four, and puts dilution in the second place. Sikong Tu discussed and diluted in this way: nothing is better than silence. Drink too much and fly alone. The breeze of the breeze is flying in the clothes. Read the pronunciation and repair the bamboo, and the beauty is back. The more you encounter the bandits, the more you wish. It looks like a shape, but shaking hands is illegal. The first four sentences describe the diluted spiritual realm. To stay silent is to maintain a kind of empty and quiet mental state. Stay calm, silent, healthy and contented, and enjoy yourself. This is the requirement of Taoist daily cultivation. The tiny meaning of the wonderful machine is calm but clear heart. Sun Liankui’s poem conjecture: clear heart and smell the wonderful fragrance, yes. Virtual silence can naturally gain insight into all the subtle changes in the universe. The main idea of the first two sentences is: Live in plain and keep silence. The cultivation is deep, and the natural opportunity is wonderful. Drinking Taihe means that it is full of the vitality of heaven and earth, and assimilates with all things in nature. The main idea of these two sentences is: if you can drink the Tao of ether harmony, you can travel outside the sky like a single crane. It is also said to be consistent with nature and tacit understanding with creation. In fact, rushing is muddy, and its essence is virtual. Return the virtual to the muddy, muddy is the embodiment of the virtual. Drinking too much peace means full of vitality and entering the realm of Taoism. Most people in the theory circle of modern poetry interpret the single crane and flying as the crane and flying together. Author considers inappropriate. Cranes themselves are free to fly alone, and it is impossible to fly with you again. Therefore, I think the single crane and flying should be understood as: like a crane, flying alone and at ease. Sun Liankui’s “conjecture” said: Drink big, Rush also; Single crane and fly, light also. Dilute poems are just like ordinary people who are self-contained, with deep self-cultivation and wonderful natural opportunities. He sucked the air of Taihe, soaring alone like a white crane, and freely. Because dilution is not easy to describe, the four sentences in the middle use metaphor to describe a dilute realm. Mr. Guo Shaoyu explained the four sentences in this way: Because dilution is not easy to describe, then use metaphor. Just like the breeze, the breeze is also the spring breeze. It is the wind, rushing and swaying, and seems to be like separation, between precious and not precious, so the cloud flies in the clothes. Zipping also for ran ran, or for Ebara staining, rou huan appearance. For such a soft breeze, I only felt that the sleeves were fluttering, as if it had not been stabbed to the skin, but there was no discomfort in the whole body, which was how to dilute it! Than sound. Under the long bamboo, the sound was clear and peaceful, and the scene was as quiet as it was. When I was passing through it, there was one or two sounds, which meant that I had a heart, so I read it. Reader, calendar, check. In this situation, the heart appreciates its beauty, and the God agrees with it, which can’t help but make a wish to return with it. However, it is impossible to get it. How can it be Diluted! The reading sound of “conjecture” is like Zeng Dian’s wind bath, and the return is like Zeng Dian’s ode. (Refer to the chapter of “The Analects of Confucius waiting to sit”) the four sentences are explained by modern white words: the warm spring breeze blows the skirt and gently floats. The spring breeze gently brushed through the door, and the quiet bamboo was a little bit clear and harmonious, and the scene was as quiet as quiet. This is a dilute situation. How small it should be to bring this realm into poetry. Experiencing this kind of state personally, you will be in a trance unconsciously, and your heart will tremble. In this situation, your heart will appreciate its beauty, and God will agree with it, and naturally you will be born with the meaning of return. This is really a dilute beauty! In the last four sentences, all kinds of dilemmas are naturally combined, which cannot be changed by human resources. Guo Shaoyu explained that the deeper the bandits met, the more thin the sentence was. If they were Hui Feng ran, like Huang Yin ran, they didn’t want to meet them, and they didn’t seem to be deep, but they were intentional, however, the more lonely it is, the more difficult it can be found. It can be seen here that the poetic dilute environment can be met but not sought. The poet encounters it by chance, and his mind is corresponding. Lu Shiyong from Ming Dynasty said in “a general review of the poetic realm” that if everything is over, the current wonderful realm will not be led at all. The ancients called it the scenery before the eyes, and the oral language was that the poetic style was oblique. Never describe it. This poet is the best. The dilute environment is all in the God society, but it does not fall down on the track. Therefore, if there is no shape, the handshake will be disobeyed. Taking off the shape is similar, shaking hands has violated Guo Shaoyu’s explanation: taking off, or also, extended to if, is, is, is hypothesis. The fool asks for this Diluted environment, even if he occasionally looks at each other, but the handshake has already broken his original wish. I am in a trance, a little bit! In front of this poem, the expression of dilution is extremely written, and the last four sentences begin to write about the God of dilution. Dilution can’t be said at all. In this way, it will be active on the paper. “Conjecture”: if it is illegal, make a distant word to say it. (Guo Shaoyu, page 7 of “Notes on poetry collection and interpretation”, the first edition of Beijing, October, 1963, People’s Literature Publishing House) dilute the environment, and take Tao Yuanming and Wang Wei’s poems as the best. Su Shi said that there were not many poems of Yuanming dynasty, but his poems were of good quality and real Qi, thin and solid, which was beyond the reach of Cao, Liu, Bao, Xie, Li and Du. (Su Shi’s “tracing Tao Yuanming’s poems”) sikongtu’s evaluation of Wang Wei’s poems is the same: Wang Youcheng and Wei Suzhou Cheng are exquisite, among which, is it harmful for Qiu Ju? Dilution is another kind of important poetic context that can be mentioned and juxtaposed with vigorous poetry. He and fortitude are not opposite, but complementary to each other. Although he and forceful have different style characteristics, they are consistent with vigorous in the basic aspects of philosophical thought Foundation and poetic aesthetics characteristics. However, compared with vigorous beauty, The beauty of dilution obviously has different characteristics. Generally speaking, the vigorous beauty has the characteristic of softness in stiffness, while the diluted beauty is softness in stiffness. Generally speaking, vigorous works tend to be grand and calm, while dilute works tend to be far away and easy to travel. Compared with the beauty of dilution and vigor, although there are some differences in style, it also has the beauty of entirety, nature, vividness and dynamics. We take Wang Wei’s poem “Bamboo Palace” as an example to analyze the state of dilution. Wang Wei’s “Bamboo Palace”: sitting alone in the dark woods, playing the piano and roaring. Deep Forest People, Moon comes to shine. The main idea of the poem is: I sit alone in the deep bamboo forest, playing the piano while singing and howling. Living alone in the deep forest is unknown, only the bright moon shines on me quietly. The whole poem is written naturally and perfectly. It can be seen as a whole without winning by a certain word or sentence. The poet takes silence as his pleasure, and his heart is indifferent, peaceful and quiet, just like a pool of water without waves. In the poem, when writing about characters’ activities, only six words are used to form three words, which are: sitting alone, playing the piano and howling. As for the characters, they neither describe the state of playing Shu Xiao, nor express their feelings of joy, anger and sorrow; As for the music and howling, they do not use any pen and ink to write their tones and feelings. The bamboo forest is originally quiet. How quiet is it to sit alone in the quiet bamboo forest?. Sitting alone in the bamboo forest has a refreshing and clear atmosphere, let alone the poet is still playing the piano and howling! Qin Benya instrument, Xiao is the symbol of Ruan Ji, one of the Seven Sages of bamboo forest in Western Jin Dynasty, and also the symbol of loneliness and height. Making these pleasant sounds in the bamboo forest not only adds a bit of seclusion to the originally quiet bamboo forest, but also depicts the image of the hero’s wind and God scattering. Those who were engaged in the battle of mouth and belly naturally had no time to come to such a quiet place; Even if they came, they could not really appreciate the clear scenery. Only the bright moon, like appreciating the poet’s dignity, silently sprinkles the moonlight into the forest to accompany the poet. As far as the artistic conception of the poem is concerned, it not only gives people the feeling of seclusion and vulgarity, but also makes people feel that the scene of the forest on the moonlit night is so bright and clear, during this period, the person who played the piano and roared was so free and self-satisfied, and the dust and worry were all empty. The exterior scene and the inside information were perfectly combined and integrated. While in terms of language, we can see the taste from nature and the high rhyme from plain. Its style beauty characterized by nature and plain plays a complementary role with their artistic conception beauty. It can be imagined that the poet met with the quiet and high attribute of bamboo forest and Mingyue in the state of being happy and quiet, and the pen was written into a piece. The formation of artistic conception of poetry depends entirely on the consistency between the character’s mind and the inner quality of the scenery written, without the help of the external hue. In the poem, the surrounding scenery is described, and the bamboo forest and the bright moon are chosen to be consistent with the quiet and clear environment to be displayed; In the poem, the self-feelings are expressed, and the piano and the long roar are chosen, then take it and the clear and clear state of mind to be expressed as the exterior and interior. This is not only an instant scene but also a mature poem. More from the combination of the whole poem, the poet wrote about playing the piano and howling at the same time when he was writing about the forest on the moon night, then he used the sound to express the quiet environment. As for the last sentence of the poem written to the moon photo, it is not only a contrast with the people in the previous sentence, but also a role of breaking the night. The contrast between these sounds and silence as well as light, shadow, light and shade is both wonderful and ingenious in arrangement. This poem is a masterpiece in Wang Wei’s “rim Sichuan Collection”. Its beauty lies in that it shows such a natural artistic conception that attracts people. This artistic conception, the author thinks that it is the dilution in Sikong Tu’s twenty and four poems. It does not win by words, but from the whole to beauty. Its beauty lies in God rather than appearance. To appreciate and appreciate its beauty, it should also leave appearance to God, and its God is wrapped in artistic conception. Let’s analyze Li Bai’s poem “sitting alone in Jingting Mountain” again: All birds fly high, and the lonely cloud goes to idle alone. I am not tired of seeing each other, but Jingting Mountain. Jingting Mountain is located in Xuancheng, Anhui today. This poem describes the taste of sitting alone in Jingting Mountain. This is the portrayal of the poet’s life of seeking comfort in the embrace of nature with the feeling of loneliness and loneliness caused by his rare talent. The first two sentences of the poem seem to describe the scene in front of him, but in fact, he wrote down all the feelings of loneliness: several birds in the sky flew away high until they disappeared; There was a white cloud in the vast sky, but I don’t want to stay, slowly drifting further and further, it seems that everything in the world is rejecting poets. The two words “Gou He Xian” lead readers to a quiet state; It seems that they feel particularly quiet after the noise of a group of mountain birds is eliminated; They feel particularly quiet after the rolling thick clouds disappear. Therefore, these two sentences are written to move and see silence, to move and stand for silence. This kind of quietness is setting off the loneliness and loneliness of the poet’s soul. This vivid and vivid writing method can associate readers, and imply that the poet has been watching Jingting Mountain for a long time, sketching out his image of sitting alone in a trance, which paves the way for the next couplet to see each other. The latter two sentences of the poem use personification to describe the poet’s love for Jingting Mountain. After birds flying clouds, only poets and Jingting Mountain were left quietly. The poet stared at the beautiful Jingting Mountain, and Jingting Mountain seemed to be watching the poet motionlessly. This made the poet feel: maybe only Jingting Mountain in the world is willing to accompany me? It expresses the deep feelings between the poet and Jingting Mountain. The two words of “xiang” are synonymous and repeated, which tightly connects the poet and Jingting Mountain, showing strong feelings. Only two words in the final sentence are also tempered, which highlights the poet’s love for Jingting Mountain. It is enough to be a bosom friend in life. How can birds fly and go! The artistic conception created by the two poems is still quiet. On the surface, it is written that the poet and Jingting Mountain look at each other, and the pulse is full of emotion and the heart is connected. In fact, the more the poet wrote about the affection of the mountain, the more he showed the ruthlessness of human beings; And his situation of cold reception and loneliness and desolation was revealed in this quiet scene. Jing is the bloodline of the whole poem. The reason why this plain and quiet poem is so moving is that the poet’s thoughts and feelings are highly integrated with the natural scenery, which creates the silent state. No wonder Shen Deqian praised this poem in “Don’t cut Tang poems” as the God of sitting alone. For example, Wang Wei’s Two Poems, “The Bamboo Palace” and Li Bai’s “sitting alone in Jingting Mountain”, use simple language to express the quiet thoughts and feelings of self-seeking leisure, which are natural and charming. Like these plain and natural poems, which show the quiet and interesting poems observed silently, people often point out the characteristics of its style by using the word dilute. Division caption: Drinking too much harmony, alone crane and fly, drinking too much harmony, neutralizing yin and yang, there is no knot in my heart, how dilute it is! And like a single crane, flying alone freely, without any dispute with the world, peaceful heart like a mirror, without troubles, how dilute it is! From the above analysis, we can conclude that: dilute the poetic style has the following characteristics: 1. Its surface is soft and clear, light and flexible, it is permeated with the aesthetic spirit of the poet who is free from vulgarity but not super-dusty and persistent in reality and art. 2. Its deep layer contains the mellow and endless beauty produced by the organic combination of tranquil and peaceful individual personality beauty and mild nature beauty. Yang Zhengang’s “Poetry interpretation” quoted the “original interpretation of Gaolan textbook” as saying: this grid (refers to [dilute] grid) Tao Yuanliang ranks the most. People in Tang dynasty like Wang Wei, Chu Guangxi, Wei Yingwu and Liu Zongyuan were also close, that is, Dongpo said that the quality is solid and Qi, thin and solid, and the hair is slender in the simple ancient, and the taste is indifferent. I don’t know the beauty of those who don’t think far away and whose shape and spirit are scattered. (Page 5 of Guo Shaoyu’s collection of poems, the first edition of Beijing, October, 1963, People’s Literature Publishing House) it is difficult to understand the dilute product of Si Kong Tu’s twenty-four poems. I think this product is inspired by its vigor and vigour. Fortitude is harmony and accumulation, which is the spirit of Yinggang; Dilution is virtual silence and indifference, peace and vitality, which is the wind of feminine. Take the spirit of “The Book of Changes” vigorously, and take the essence of “The Book of Changes” to “The Book of Changes.

Easy to Lianshan 2014 nian 6 yue 18 ri midnight first draft 2014 nian 6 yue 25 ri modify finalized

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